PEDv: What does it mean for NY's Swine Producers?
Nancy Glazier, Small Farms & Livestock Specialist
Northwest New York Dairy, Livestock & Field Crops
Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus (PEDv) has arrived in New York with a vengeance. I received first notice of an infected farrowing operation in early February. Soon after, I discovered the outbreak was much more widespread. The virus was somehow introduced from Asia in multiple locations, was officially identified in the United States in May, 2013. It has killed an estimated 4 million pigs since its introduction.
Clinical signs are severe diarrhea in pigs of all ages and vomiting. High mortality is associated with the virus, nearly 100% in pre-weaned pigs. Transmission occurs orally through contact with contaminated feces. Incubation period is 12-24 hours with shedding (amount of time animals can infect others) up to 3-4 weeks. There is no vaccine available at this time.
This is a scenario posted to the www.aasv.org website: The oldest piglets in farrowing started scouring on a Saturday. The next oldest rooms were scouring on Sunday. By Monday, 100% of piglets in far-rowing were scouring and sows in lactation were going off feed. On Tuesday, piglet mortality in-creased to 10x normal daily losses which continued for approximately one week. Piglets were scouring a yellow, watery scour. They tried to nurse but sows were drying up. Piglets were lined up at the water nipples. Piglets started scouring at 12-24 hours after birth. Piglets would survive until approximately day 3 or 4 unless they were humanely euthanized before then.
What can be done to decrease the chance of your herd becoming infected? The first step - a big one - review and tighten your biosecurity protocols, small and large herds alike. Pay attention to anything or anyone coming out of state or from another farm. Be especially diligent about employees, family and visitors but also consider supplies, feed ingredients, food items, etc. that might contaminate the herd. There is concern that some creep feed may have been contaminated.
Additional biosecurity recommendations should include:
- limiting traffic (people and equipment) onto the farm,
- thoroughly cleaning and disinfecting anything coming onto the farm. The virus is susceptible to a number of common disinfectants including: Virkon S, Clorox, 1 Stroke Environ, and Tek-Trol, some potent disinfectants. Contact time it critical for any disinfectant; you need to apply it as a soap and leave it sit before rinsing or better yet apply it as an after-washing post-rinse. This goes for boots, truck tires, shovels, buckets, etc.
- enforcing downtime requirements and maintaining a log of visitors,
- taking care when disposing of dead stock particularly if using a communal disposal method,
- isolating newly arriving animals and continuing vet to vet discussions about animal health at the herd of origin, and
- showering into the facility where practical and changing into clean boots and coveralls (veterinarians should also be careful not to track the virus between herds on their person, equipment or vehicles)
NY Ag & Markets has a fact sheet posted here: http://www.agriculture.ny.gov/AI/PEDV_Outreach.pdfResources for this article were found at websites below. For more information, visit: http://www.aasv.org/aasv%20website/Resources/Diseases/PorcineEpidemicDiarrhea.php, the website for the American Association of Swine Veterinarians. Information is continually updated when it becomes available.http://www.pork.org/Research/2641/ResearchLatestNews.aspx#.Uv1YLfldUrV. The Pork Checkoff site has lots of information on current research and available resources.
Whole-Farm Webinar Series
January 9, 2024
January 16, 2024
January 23, 2024
January 30, 2024
February 6, 2024
February 13, 2024
February 20, 2024
February 27, 2024
March 5, 2024
March 12, 2024
Join us for this series on enhancing farm efficiency. Explore innovative practices and cutting-edge technologies to optimize feeding and management.
To register: https://cals.cornell.edu/whole...
Northeast Dairy Management Conference
March 6 - March 7, 2024
East Syracuse, NY
The upcoming conference will center around the theme of Embracing Opportunities for a Viable Future. The sessions will be focused on strategies that can be utilized to initiate progress, invoke enthusiasm, and develop new leadership strategies to tackle challenges and capitalize on opportunities. Attendees will have the opportunity to learn from experts in their respective fields, network with peers, and gain valuable insights into the latest topics and developments in the dairy industry. The conference will provide a platform for attendees to share their experiences, exchange ideas, and collaborate on innovative solutions to the challenges that lie ahead.
2024 Spring Safety Meeting with Dairy Support Services
March 8, 2024
This meeting is targeted at both experienced and new farm workers who are operating trucks and ag equipment while applying manure and harvesting crops.
Farm Participants Needed for Bale Grazing Grant!Information on the Project:
- Approximately 10 acres total needed to bale graze two different bale densities
- "Core" farms will graze two winters, "Demo" farms will graze one winter.
- Payments for both "Core" farms and "Demo" farms
- Baseline soil sampling by bale grazing team
- Forage measurements in early season by bale grazing team
- Late season clipping if residual not trampled down by farm
Cornell Cow Convos - New PodcastOn-going podcast, New episodes released on the last Thursday of the month.
Guest speakers, CCE Dairy Specialists.
Housed on Soundcloud Channel is CCE Dairy Educators
- Preventative healthcare for cows
- The trend of beef on dairy
- What to look forward to in the new year for dairy
- Socially grouping or pair-housing calves
Dairy Acceleration Program Funds Available
- organization of financial records/benchmarking up to $1,000
- continued business planning (for farms awarded in a previous year) up to $2,500
- business planning up to $5,000
2018 Drug Residue Prevention ManualFor more than 30 years, the U.S. dairy industry has focused educational efforts on the judicious use of antibiotics through the annual publication of a Best Practices Manual. The 2018 edition of the National Dairy FARM Program: Farmers Assuring Responsible Management? Milk and Dairy Beef Drug Residue Prevention Manual is the primary educational tool for dairy farm managers throughout the country on the judicious and responsible use of antibiotics, including avoidance of drug residues in milk and meat.
The manual is a quick resource to review those antibiotics approved for dairy animals and can also be used as an educational tool and resource for farm managers as they develop on-farm best management practices necessary to avoid milk and meat residues. Visit the Manual and Form Library to download copies of this important tool!
Follow us on FacebookThe team updates our facebook page frequently - follow us to be updated on our events, see some fun videos and get local area updates!
ProDairy Forage ManagementAre you prepared to change your routine this spring?
While spring tasks vary by farm, there are many "rites of spring," and they are often completed in a fairly rigid sequence. Depending on the farm, these often include fixing fence, spreading manure, planting new seedings, planting corn and harvesting first cutting, and are often performed in this order.
We are optimistic that the upcoming turn in weather will allow these task to be accomplished in a timely manner, but at this point it is time to ask yourself: Are you willing to change your spring routine?
In addition to adverse weather it is no secret that everyone is facing extremely tight economic times, and dealing with forage inventories of poor digestibility forages from 2017. This combination of factors makes it more critical than ever to be ready to tackle the task that will have the most impact on your business at the proper time.
Recent reference articles on dealing with tough times:
• Key Opportunities to Optimize 2018 Crop Production Efficiency
• Resources for Dealing with Spring Weather Delays
The number one focus should be on timely harvest of first cutting.
• Park the corn planter when a field of first cutting is ready for harvest.
o Monitoring 1st cut harvest timing
• Approach harvest by the acre, not by the field. Be ready to skip over a field that has passed its optimum harvest stage.
o Dynamic Harvest Schedules
• Strategically plan feed storage to best utilize forage inventories for the right group of animals.
o Strategic Forage Storage Planning
o When More is Better
The window for planting for silage is generally wider than for grain, which is why first cutting can and should take priority over corn planting. However, in the event of extreme delays in planting corn, performance will diminish with late plantings. If corn planting progresses into late May or early June, begin to consider alternative options for those acres. Previous research from Cornell and Penn State suggest a 0.5 to 1 ton/acre per week decline in silage yield for planting after mid to late May.
First and foremost during a time of year that can be very busy and stressful, taking every precaution to keep your team safe is critical.
The idea of fitting all of this work into a condensed time period, and still getting key tasks completed before critical deadlines can seem impossible, but year after year many find unique ways to get it all done. Consider working with neighbors, custom operators or renting equipment to accomplish these key tasks on time.
If you currently utilize custom operators, now is a good time to set up a time to meet with them and make sure you are on the same page to get tasks accomplished in the time-frame needed. Make sure that your expectations and goals are clearly defined. They will also be under stress to fit their work into a condensed period and meet their customers' expectations, so defining expectations and pre-planning how to most efficiently get the work accomplished when the custom operator arrives can go a long way to increase the chances for success.
NYSERDA Agriculture Energy Audit ProgramNYSERDA offers energy audits to help eligible farms and on-farm producers identify ways to save energy and money on utility bills. Reports include recommendations for energy efficiency measures.
For more information and the NYSERDA Agriculture Energy Audit Program Application click here